Jumat, 20 Mei 2016

Manfaat Dan Khasiat Daun Mangga Untuk Kesehatan

Apakah anda tahu khasiat apa saja yang tersimpan di dalam daun buah mangga? Memang jika di rasakan daun buah mangga memang sangat terasa pahit, jauh sekali jika di bandingkan dengan buah nya yang harum dan manis. Tapi jangan salah, di balik daunnya yang terasa pahit tersimpan berjuta manfaat dan khasiat daun mangga untuk kesehatan. Memang tidak banyak orang yang mengetahui manfaat dari daun mangga, yang tahu hanya lah buah nya yang mengandung vitamin dan kesegaran serta bisa di olah sebagai bahan makanan dan minuman.

Daun mangga mengandung beberapa vitamin seperi vitaman A, vitamin B bahkan vitamin C. Adapun manfaat dan khasiat daun mangga untuk kesehatan yang perlu anda ketahui :

· Mengatasi luka bekas bakar, daun mangga dipercaya ampuh mengobati dan mengatasi luka bakar. Caranya bakar daun mangga sampai daun menjadi abu, lalu taburkan abu daun mangga pada luka bekas bakar.

· Membantu masalah pernafasan, untuk anda yang bermasalah pada pernafasan karena penyakit seperti asma dan lain sebagainya. Anda bisa mengatasinya dengan ramuan tradisional dari daun mangga, rebus daun mangga dan minum air rebusan tersebut selagi masih hangat. Anda bisa menambahkan dengan sedikit gula ataupun madu agar rasa air rebusan tidak hambar.

· Mengatasi diabetes, daun mangga yang sudah di haluskan seperti bubuk teh sangat baik jika di gunakan untuk mencegah dan mengobati penyakit diabetes.

· Mengatasi perasaan yang gelisah, selain manfaatnya untuk obat-obatan, daun mangga juga di percaya mampu mengatsi rasa gelisah. Caranya rebus daun mangga dan campurkan pada bak mandi. Dengan rebusan daun mangga ini mampu menyegarkan tubuh dan menghilangkan rasa cemas.

· Mengobati sakit telinga, anda sering merasakan telinga yang sakit atau nyeri? Daun mangga mampu mengatasi nyeri pada telinga. Cukup dengan rebusan daun mangga dan ambilah sarinya. Lalu teteskan pada telinga, perlahan rasa nyeri pada telinga akan hilang.

Masih banyak sekali manfaat dan khasiat daun mangga untuk kesehatan tubuh, cara-cara yang perlu anda lakukan dalam menjadikan daun mangga sebagai obat pun juga cukup mudah bukan. Tidak perlu menghabiskan uang yang banyak untuk menjadikan tubuh yang sehat, cara sederhana dan tradisional pun bisa. Silahkan di cermati dan semoga bermanfaat.

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Rabu, 16 Maret 2016

Konsep Energi Konvensional Masa Kini

Energi dan perubahan energi yang ada dalam materi pelajaran IPA, kita temukan energi konvensional atau bahan bakar dari fosil. Berdasarkan kamus bahasa Inggris, bahan bakar adalah suatu zat yang dibakar untuk menghasilkan tenaga atau energi. Energi yang dihasilkan oleh proses pembakaran adalah reaksi antara karbon dan hidrogen pada bahan bakar dengan oksigen sehingga mengakibatkan pelepasan panas. Alasan utama pembakaran bahan bakar adalah pembentukan energi sebagai panas atau tenaga, dalam bentuk mekanis maupun listrik. Energi jika digunakan dengan tepat dalam statistik energi, mengacu pada panas dan tenaga, tetapi secara bebas dimanfaatkan oleh manusia agar juga mencakup bahan bakar.

Energi mempunyai peran penting dalam perkembangan kehidupan manusia juga pertumbuhan ekonomi serta kesejahteraan dalam masyarakat. Misalnya, bahan bakar kayu sudah banyak digunakan sejak zaman dahulu kala untuk membuat api begitu juga peradaban pertama manusia sudah mampu menggunakan angin untuk berlayar mengarungi lautan luas.

Pada saat itu, kayu bakar masih ditemukan dengan berlimpah dan bebas. Tempat tinggal masyarakat masih di tempat terpencil. Suatu ketika desa dan kota-kota kecil mulai bermunculan, baru kemudian kayu bakar berganti menjadi komoditas perdagangan. Kebutuhan terhadap energi terus mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan dengan semakin meluasnya kota, oleh sebab itu dengan cara berlebihan banyak hutan mulai diekploitasi sehingga menyebabkan kayu bakar di sejumlah wilayah mengalami kelangkaan. Hal tersebut menimbulkan kesadaran manusia untuk mengawasi permintaan dan pasokan kayu bakar.

Tanpa panas yang dihasilkan oleh pembakaran bahan bakar, kegiatan manusia akan terbatas dan terhambat. Energi di industri perumahan, dan transportasi serta pelayanan jasa, akan semain banyak digunakan oleh masyarakat modern. Minyak menjadi komoditas paling komersial adalah contoh paling nyata. Bagaimanapun juga, kita harus ingat bahwa minyak ataupun bahan bakar lainnya, seperti gas bumi dan batubara, adalah sumber daya alam yang takterbarukan. Masalah ketergantungan dan ketahanan serta penghematan energi juga masalah-masalah lingkungan merupakan faktor lain yang perlu diketahui lebih mendalam tentang permintaan dan pasokan energi. Kontribusi terbesar terhadap pemanasan global adalah penggunaan bahan bakar hidrokarbon yang menyebabkan kerusakan lingkungan karena emisi karbondioksida yang tinggi.



Kamis, 10 Desember 2015

Spiritual Intelligence Perspectives According to Islam

Spiritual intelligence According to Islam - Spiritual in view of Islam has the same meaning with the spirit. Ruh is not knowable existence (unseen). Ruh always a relationship with the Infinite, he is able to know himself and the creator, he is also able melihal that can make sense. Ruh is the essence of human life, he created immediately and is associated with a higher reality that is its creator. Ruh has the desire and kinginan to return to God at the time still gentleness and fused with the human body. Good spirit is a spirit that has not forgotten its creator and always longed for a higher reality. This can be seen from the actions of individuals if he reneges and the like immorality or love and always do good. An understanding of this spirit can not be separated from the word of Allah in Surah Al-Isra ': 85 (Abdul Mujib, and Jusuf Mudzakir, nuances of Islamic Psychology. (Jakarta: Eagle Press, 2001), p 329-330)

 Article Title Spiritual Intelligence Perspectives According to Islam
That is: If they ask you about the spirit. Say: "The Ruh including affairs of my Lord, and you have not given knowledge but a little. (Surat al-Isra ': 85). (Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, the Qur'an and Terjemahnya, (Surabaya: Al-Hidayah: 1998), p 437)

An understanding of the needs of the spirit to always be in the line of predetermined nature of God through the religion of Islam present in His word in Surah Ar-rum: 30

Meaning: Then hadapkanlah face with Straight to the religion of Allah; (still above) the nature of God has created man in the nature. no amendment in the nature of God. (That's) straight religion; but most people do not know. (Department of Religious Affairs, the Qur'an and Terjemahnya., P 645)

Mujib and Mudakkir give an understanding of Islamic spiritual intelligence as intelligence related capabilities meet the needs of the human spirit, in the form of worship so that he can return to its creator in a state of purity. Hearts spiritual intelligence is intelligence related to one's inner qualities. he reaches the noble values that have not been reached by reason. (Abdul Mujib, and Jusuf Mudzakir, Psychology Nuance Nuance-Islamic., Pp 329-330)

Basically because qalb holy, he always misses his Lord, so he tried to always toward God. More about the dynamics of earlier qalb Agustian formulate more depth through the formulation of spiritual intelligence which is based on Islamic glasses and acceptable reason and by science. Agustian explained the concept of spiritual intelligence seen from the stage of the creation of man is:

1. Man was originally purely spiritual creatures.
Humans originally contained in the highest place as a purely spiritual creatures, the spiritual soul is blown on the human body. The nature of the material in the mix in the bodies made from the ground. So he not only has the body but also she has the spiritual potential. This is corroborated by other research V.S. Ramachandran in 1997 he discovered that humans have a God Spot as a place of human spiritual potential. Then Michael Persinger, Wolf Singger, and Rodolfo Linas find Spiritual Neural oscillations. Experts above have proven that humans have a spiritual element as the center of ultimate meaning. This is in accordance with the word of God in Al'Ankabut Verse 49:
Meaning: Actually, Al-Quran verses it is real in the chest of people who have been given knowledge. and there's no denying our verses except the wrongdoers. (Al'Ankabut verse 49). (Department of Religious Affairs, the Qur'an and Terjemahnya., P 636)

2. Man set the mission.
Bardasarkan human mission to act in God's guidance that has been blown in will save his soul and will give true happiness. According to Khalil Khavari "if people fail to achieve the meaning of life then they will suffer drought soul". Danah Zohar and Ian Marshall explained that the meaning of the highest and most valuable in humans where they will feel very bahgia is situated on the spiritual aspect. It will be clearly felt if people follow your heart and devoted to nature (Asma) Allah. Indeed it can be seen from the CEO who succeeded because of their devotion to the intrinsic properties (character CEO). However, Islam has the concept of a more clear and complete, namely Names of God in Islam. This devotion about the Word of God in the Adh-Dzariayat paragraph 56:
Meaning: And I did not create the jinn and mankind except that they may serve Me. (Adh-Dzariayat paragraph 56). (Ibid, p 862)

3. Human given the potential for intellectual, emotional and spiritual.
Humans are given different abilities with another creature. It has a neo-cortex layer so that it is capable of rational thinking and logical (IQ). He has a limbic layer as a function of EQ so that he has a feeling as a lookout or radar. Most importantly humans mamailiki God Spot in the temporal lobes for SQ so that he has a conscience as a guide and impetus beripa autopilot and lasting value. In a spiritual level Beautiful Names will always dynamics in man as conscience.

4. Humans will always be subject to God.
Science with the discovery of God Spot has proven that man is a spiritual creature who will always feel happy when spiritual encouragement are met. Humans always seek God through their properties. He was always reaching out for the trait. This is proof of the might of God and servitude and human dedication, as well as a statement that the divine spirit is blown into the man has a highest and noblest. Allah says in Al-Hijr verse 29:
Meaning: Then if I Have enhance the story, and has been blowing right into it the spirit (creation) -ku, then you submit him to kneel. (Ibid, p 393)

Spiritual intelligence


5. Human given by his hearts
When conscience touched the same situation berklaku also on emotion that emotions movement. For example: the attitude of wanting to help in a time of injustice berfihak on the weak. Emotion is at the heart vibrations caused by touching one's spirituality. Emotion is a signal that a new form; sad, disappointed, pleased at the limbic when we experience allusion conscience in God Spot. Emotion is more easily moved through the senses, especially the eyes and ears are used to seeing, hearing, and measure objects concrete (IQ), the results of the sensory experience that touches the heart will generate emotions. The Word of God As-Sajdah verse 9:
Meaning: Then he complete and breathed into it the spirit (creation) His and He made for you hearing and sight and hearts; (But) a little once you are grateful. (As-Sajdah verse 9). (Ibid, p 61)

6. Creating a Spiritual agreement.
The phenomenon of the human spiritual life is a human tendency to get properties asmaul Divine Attributes. He will be happy or moved when touched spiritual point. This proves that man has made an agreement with God's spirit. Allah says in Al-Ahzab verse 15:
Meaning: And Lo them before it has been promised to God, "they will not turn back (backward)". and is a covenant with God will be questioned. (Al-Ahzab verse 15). (Ibid, p 669)

7. The command to read the evidence.
Humans have been equipped Dengsan IQ, EQ, SQ. God then told to look for and read the signs in themselves and for the environment and the duty to have faith in the Infinite. He placed man as caliph on earth and carry out his orders by relying on the attributes of God, he is called upon to remember and recognize the attributes of God through the universe that has been created by God. Allah says in Al-'Ankabuut paragraph 20:
It means: Say: "Walk in the (face) of the earth, then see how God created (men) from the outset, then Allah makes it once again. For Allah hath power over all things. (Al-'Ankabuut paragraph 20). (Ibid, p 631)

Based on the history of the creation of man, man's mission, and the potential that exists within him, it is clear that humans are spiritual beings. with spiritual intelligence (SQ) man devoted to God to manage the earth as caliph, its primary mission is to seek the pleasure of Allah. Its main target is the establishment of justice, creates peace, build prosperity therein, concrete steps be spiritualized in all areas of life, good organization, company, country, or family.

Self-actualization is a real man of God towards nature malalui ihsan (always felt to see and be seen Allah). Human effort to get to the nature of God (Beautiful Names and Attributes) will be set out by Ihsan that generate value and drive from within to serve and towards the essence (the actual actualization). At the time humans have felt it then he will feel calm and happy, if people do not ignore the inner voice that he would have the whole person and effective in carrying out its mission as a vicegerent of God on earth. He will succeed in all roles in good jalankannya the head of household, educators, and others. Spiritual intelligence which is based on charity to get the essence of (Beautiful Names and Attributes) is the cornerstone or foundation of success and effectiveness in carrying life to the noble mission of God. (Ary Gina Agustian, Secrets of Success Build ESQ Power, A Journey Through Inner Ihsan, (Jakarta: Arga Publishers, 2001), p 96-103)

So it can be disimpulakan that spiritual intelligence in the view of Islam is the ability for sure and sticking to the value of spiritual Islam, always behave in accordance with Islamic values in his life, and is able to put himself in the meaningfulness of self that is worship to feel that he has always seen the Lord, so that he could live with having the road and meaningfulness that would take him to the happiness and harmony are essential. Allah says:
Meaning: Successful indeed are the believers. (They are) those who humility 'in prayer. And those who abstain from (deeds and sayings) are useless. And those who give charity (Surah Al-Mu'minun: 1-4). (Department of Religion, the Qur'an and Terjemahnya., P 526)

The characteristics of human or humans who have a high quality of spiritual intelligence described by Hawari as follows:
Faith in God and devoted to God the Creator and the faithful against malikatNya, Allah's book, apostles, day Saints, as well as Qadha 'and Qadar. This makes always rely upon the teachings of God and feel that they are being monitored, recorded his actions, ultimately he always keeps deeds and his heart. He also tried to always act pious virtue.
Always hold the mandate, consistent and the task at hand is the noble task of God, she was also holding on to commanding the good and forbidding the evil, so that the words and actions always menerminkan noble values, moral and religious ethics.
Makes his presence useful for other people, and not vice versa. He is responsible and has a social responsibility.
Have a sense of affection between the members as a sign of a believer.
Not a liar religion or unjust. They are willing to sacrifice, sharing, and obedient to the guidance of religion.
Always appreciate the time and not waste it, by the way always do good works and vying for truth and patience.

Because it is a spiritual intelligence when compared ith the main component of IQ, EQ and CQ. To develop it is to live and practice their religion; ie the pillars of faith, the pillars of Islam in life. (Dadang Hawari, Al-Qur'an: Life Medical Sciences and Mental Health, (Yogyakarta: Dana Bhakti Yasa Prima, 2004), p 223-232)

To develop spiritual intelligence by way of Islam further Suharsono offers the following steps:
Develop intelligence capacity umun namely IQ and EQ.
Multiply devotions sunnah. Such as praying at night, reading the Koran.
Ablutions necessary so that light can penetrate intellect and our mind's eye. The trick is to keep yourself in words, deeds, attitudes and hearts of sinful deeds, negativity and ugliness. Abstain from selfishness and destructive words are important to menjauhakan themselves from the black cloud heart.
Always in order to educate the hearts of the strong commitment by the sincerity of conscience, and intellectual passion and dedication to seek the truth of universal humanity. (Suharsono, bolsters IQ, IE, and IS, (Depok: Initiation Press, 2005), p 161-164)

The importance of the instructions of the Qur'an and pious charity to dispel the black cloud of the heart have been described in the word of Allah the Al-Isra ': 9
That is the truth of the Quran gives guidance to the straight path and give good news to the believers who work deeds of pious (awareness of the work being done on adherence to God) that for them there is great reward. (Al-isra'9). (Ministry of Religious Affairs, the Qur'an and Terjemahnya., P 425)

The conclusion that can be drawn from the spiritual kecersan explanation according to Islam above are:
Islamic way of life spirituality has three basic foundations to form the individual Muslim is intact, namely faith, Islam and charity. Faith is the foundation of the most basic in Islam, it is a pledge soul for sure against the highest power of God. The main requirement of the faith is the belief was, and subsequent oral pledge and eventually pledge behavior as a manifestation of confidence in the Supreme strength in his actions. Islam is the main points of worship, rules, and methodologies in the path of Islam. While charity is a moral goodness and virtue as a manifestation of faith and Islam, deeds only in lean only on God and felt as though God see and be seen.
Muslims who have spiritual intelligence will have a noble character, pious, quiet soul, wise, caring and sensitive in personal, social, family, or to the environment. Everything is a manifestation of mood, thinking about the road and lean on God and set out on the behavior in life.............

Understanding Spiritual Intelligence SQ Feature Definition According Experts

Understanding Spiritual Intelligence - Intelligence spiritual arranged in two words, namely "intelligence" and "spiritual". Intelligence is the ability to solve his problems, especially problems that require the ability of the mind. Various restrictions proposed by the experts based on each theory. (Munandir, Encyclopedia of Education, (Malang: UM Press, 2001), p 122). Intelligence can also be interpreted as the ability of dealing with abstractions, the ability to learn something, the ability to handle new situations. (Kartini Kartono, & Dali Gulo, Dictionary of Psychology (Bandung: Pioneer Jaya, 2000), p 233)

Title Understanding Spiritual Intelligence, SQ Feature Definition According Experts

Spiritual is the basis for the growth of self-esteem, values, morals, and a sense of belonging. He gives direction and meaning to our lives on the belief regarding the existence of non-physical strength that is greater than the strength of ourselves; A consciousness that connects us directly with God, or whatever we call as the source of our existence. (Mimi Doe and Marsha Walch, 10 Principles of Spiritual Parenting: How Growing and Caring for Your Child Sukma. (Bandung: Kaifa, 2001), p 20) Spiritual also means mental, spiritual, mental, mental, moral. (Drafting Team Dictionary, Dictionary of Indonesian Language, (Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture, 1989), p 857)

So based on the meaning of these two words can be interpreted as a spiritual kerdasan person's ability to confront and solve the problems associated with the value, mind, and psyche. This intelligence is primarily concerned with abstraction in something beyond human power is the driving force of life and the universe.

Zohar and Marshal defines spiritual intelligence as the intelligence to deal with and solve the problem of meaning and value, the intelligence to put the behavior and life in the context of a broader meaning and rich, intelligence to judge that the action or the way a person's life is more meaningful than others. (Danah Zohar and Ian Marshall ,. SQ: Harnessing Spiritual Intelligence in Integralistic and Holistic Thinking for the Meaning of Life. (Bandung: Mizan, 2001), p 4)

Spiritual intelligence according to Khalil A faculty Khavari defined as non-material dimension we or the human soul. He called it a diamond that has not been honed and owned by every human being. We must recognize as they are, rubbed so shiny with great determination, using it to wisdom, and to achieve lasting happiness. (Sukidi. Secrets of Successful Living Happy, Why SQ More Important than IQ and EQ. (Jakarta: Scholastic, 2004), p 77)

Spiritual intelligence according to Stephen R. Covey is the center of the most basic intelligence among others, because he was a source of guidance for other intelligence. Spiritual intelligence represents a longing for meaning and connection with the infinite. (Stephen R. Covey, The8th Habit: Beyond Effectiveness, Achieving Greatness, (Jakarta: PT Gramedia main library. 2005), p 79)

According to Tony Buzan spiritual intelligence is associated with being part of the design of everything bigger, includes "seeing an overall picture." (Tony Buzan, Head First, 10 Ways to Utilize 99% Of the greatness of your brain which has not Ever Use, (Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2003), p 80)

From some of the above understanding can be concluded that spiritual intelligence is the ability of the potential of every human being which makes it able to realize and determine the meanings, values, morals, and love for greater strength and our fellow beings, because they feel as part of the whole. Thus making the man can put themselves and live more positively with wisdom, peace, and happiness are essential.

Characteristics of Spiritual Intelligence

Five characteristics of an intelligent person is spiritually according to Roberts A. Emmons (in Juita), The Psychology of Ultimate Concerns:

The ability to transcend the physical and material.

The ability to experience a heightened level of awareness.

Ability to mensakralkan everyday experience.

The ability to use the spiritual resources to solve problems.

The ability to do good.

The first two characteristics are often referred to as a core component of spiritual intelligence. Children who feel the presence of God or the creatures surrounding ruhaniyah experiencing transcendence of physical and material. He enters the spiritual world. He reached the cosmic consciousness which combine him with the whole universe. He felt that nature is not limited to what is seen with the tools senses.

The third characteristic is sanktifikasi everyday experience will happen when we put a regular job in a great destination. For example: A reporter met two workers who were carrying bricks. One of them works with face sullen, sour, and looked exhausted. His friend went to work with a cheerful, happy, energetic. He looked exhausted. To both asked the same question, "What are you doing? "The sullen replied," I'm piling up stones. "The cheerful say," I'm building a cathedral! "The second has raised employment" stacked brick "on the plain meaning of the more sublime. He has done sanktifikasi.

Spiritually intelligent person does not solve the problems of living only rationally or emotionally alone. He was connecting with the spiritual meaning of life is the relationship with the regulator's life. Example: A child was told that his parents would not be able to send him to Germany, he did not despair. He believes that if people were earnestly and ask for help to the Lord, he will be given the way. Is not the Lord said, "People who are serious about road Us, We will give him the streets Us"? The child has the characteristics of a fourth.

But children are also revealed five characteristics to have compassion high on fellow creatures. God. Forgiving, grateful or expressing gratitude, humility, show compassion and wisdom, only a part of virtue. This last characteristic may be concluded Muhammad, "Amal main thing is that you enter the feeling of happiness in human beings." (Leny Juwita, Developing Spiritual Intelligence Child, (online), (www.mail-archive.com/airputih@yahoogroup.com, freelance article Muthahari Foundation, Access Thursday, December 14, 2006 21:99)

Zohar & Marshaall indicate signs of SQ which has a well developed covers the following:

Ability to be flexible (adaptive spontaneously and actively).

A high level of consciousness.

The ability to deal with and take advantage of suffering.

The capacity to meet and exceed the pain.

Quality of life inspired by the vision and values.

Reluctance to to cause unnecessary losses.

The tendency to see the interest among the various things (holistic view).

The tendency to ask for answers fundamental.

Responsible for bringing the vision and values and higher in others.

A high SQ-it tends to be become a leader who is full of devotion - that a person responsible for bringing vision and a higher value for others, it can provide inspiration to others. (Danah Zohar and Ian Marshall, SQ: Harnessing Spiritual intelligence., p, 14)

In line with Covey explaining that; Each person who becomes independent, proactive, centered on true principles, driven by values and are able to apply with integrity, so he can build hungungan interdependent, rich, lasting, and highly productive with others. (Stephen R. Covey, .the 7 Habit of Highly Effective People (Jakarta: Binapura Literacy, 1997), p 180-181)

Mahayana mention some characteristics of people who have high spiritual intelligence:

1. It has strong principles and vision

Principle is a fundamental truth in it as a guideline and behavior that has a lasting and productive value. Human principles are clearly not going to change, that change is the way we understand and see these principles. The more we know about the true principles of the greater our personal freedom to act wisely.

Paradigm is the source of all the behavior and attitude, to put us on the right principles and fundamental that we also create a map or a fundamental paradigm regarding the true life, and the edges are an effective life. (Ibid, 113-114)

Regarding this principle Agustian any further reinforce these principles. This is the principle that long sought by humans, scientists and so on. He argues that people have positive emotions and so on because of the nature / character, and the character of the most successful in the history of human life is a character that is immortal, continues to be sought, and if menimblkan pull of gravity on the dynamics of human behavior throughout the ages. As these properties after a long search by scientists and they are described as character CEO is none other than asmaul Attributes that according Agustian 99. This principle has tertamam in human beings and as if recorded as the chips that will be the dynamics of human behavior and personality. (Ary Gina Agustian, Secrets of Success Build Power ESQ., P 87-95)

2. Unity and diversity

A person with high spirituality able to see the unity in diversity. He is the principle underlying the SQ, as Tony Buzan and Zohar explains the exposure mentioned above. Tony Buzan says that "spiritual intelligence includes seeing the whole picture, he was motivated by a personal value which include trying to reach something other than self-interest for the sake of society". (Tony Buzan, Head First., P 80)

3. Meaning

The meaning is substantial, spiritual dimension. The meaning is the determinant of identity is something that is most significant. A person who has a high SQ will be able to interpret or find the deepest meaning of all sides of life, the gift of God in the form of pleasure or of his examination, he is also a manifestation of his affection. The test is simply a vehicle for spiritual maturation of man.

On this Covey confirm about the meaning and our response to life. He said "try to ask questions of yourself: What is required of my current life situation; what should I do in my responsibility, my duties this saai; wise steps will I take? ". If we live with our conscience undergo whispering the answers to our questions above then, "the space between stimulus and response become increasingly besardan conscience will be more audible". (Stephen R. Covey, The8th Habit., P 524)

4. Difficulties and suffering

The most significant lesson in human life is when he realized that it was an important part of the substance will fill out and mature so that he became more mature, stronger, and more ready to live a life full of obstacles and suffering. The lessons will menguhkan personal after he can lead and managed to get what purpose the deepest of the last lesson. Difficulties will hone cultivate, to the spiritual dimension of human maturation process. SQ able to transform adversity into a field improvement and spiritual education meaningful. High SQ capable of promoting someone because the lessons of the difficulties and sensitivity to his conscience. (Agus Nggermanto, Quantum Quotien., Pp 123 -136)

According Khavari there are three parts that we can see to test a person's level of spiritual intelligence:

From the standpoint of religious spiritual (vertical relationships, the relationship with the Almighty). This viewpoint will see to what extent the level of our spiritual relationship with the Creator, It can be measured "in terms of communication and spiritual intensity of the individual with God". Menifestasinya can be seen from the frequency of prayer, spiritual creature, love of God that dwells in the heart, and gratitude for His presence. Khavari further emphasize this aspect for measuring the level of spiritual intelligence, because "when the harmonious relationship and a person's religious spiritual relationship the higher the higher the level of the quality of his spiritual intelligence".

From the standpoint of social-religious relations. This viewpoint see the psychological consequences of the spiritual-religious social attitudes that emphasize the unity and social welfare. Spiritual intelligence will be reflected on the ties of kinship between people, sensitive to the welfare of other people and other living things, be generous. Marupakan behavioral manifestation of the state of the soul, the spiritual intelligence that exist within the individual will be manifested in behavior. In this case the SQ will be manifested in social attitudes. So intelligence is not only dealing with the deity or spiritual problems, but it will affect the broader aspects especially human relations.

From the standpoint of social ethics. This viewpoint can describe the level of social ethics as a manifestation of the quality of spiritual intelligence. The higher the level of intelligence spritualnya higher the social ethics. This is reflected in a person's adherence to ethical and moral, honest, trustworthy, respectful, tolerant, and anti-violence. With spiritual intelligence of the individual can appreciate the sense of the importance of manners, tolerant, and civilized life. It becomes a call intrinsic in social ethics, because it is fully we realize that there is the symbolic meaning of God's presence in everyday life are always watching or see us in ourselves and gestures of us, wherever and whenever, what religious people , the essence of religion is moral and ethical. (Sukidi, Success Secrets of a Happy Life., P 80-85)

Rabu, 09 Desember 2015

Definition of Marriage Paper Problem Definition Purpose of Marriage According to the Experts

Definition of Marriage - According to the Marriage Act, known as Act 1 of 1974, is the bond of marriage is physically and mentally between a man and a woman as husband and wife with the intention of forming a family (household) are happy and eternal based on God
Article Title (Definition of Marriage Paper, Problem, Purpose, Definitions, Marriage According to Experts)


According to Bachtiar (2004), the definition of marriage is the door to the meeting of two hearts in the shadow of social life that takes place in a long period of time, in which there are various rights and obligations to be undertaken by each party to earn a decent living, happy, harmonious, and get offspring. The marriage was a strong bond based on the very deep feelings of love from each of the parties to get along in order to maintain the continuity of life of man on earth.

Terruwe (in Yuwana & Maramis, 2003) states that marriage is a union. Unity was created by the love and support given by a man to his wife, and the woman to her husband.

According to Goldberg (Yuwana & Maramis, 2003), marriage is an institution that is very popular in the community, but it also is not an institution that failed the test. Marriage as a union remains promising a long-standing familiarity and even timeless and pelesatarian culture and the fulfillment of the needs of inter-personal.

According Kartono (1992), The definition of marriage is a social institution that is recognized in every culture or society. Even the meaning of marriage is different, but the practices of marriage in almost all cultures tend to equal marriage menunujukkan at an event when a prospective husband and wife met formally before the head of the religion, the witnesses, and the number of attendees to then formally authorized by the rites and rituals certain -ritual.

According to Saxton (1986), says that marriage has two meanings, namely:

a. As a social institution
A collective solutions to social needs. The existence of a marriage that provide basic functionality for the survival of a group in this case is the public.

b. Individual meanings
Marriage as a form of legitimization (endorsement) on the role of the individual, but most of all, marriage was viewed as a source of personal satisfaction.

Based on the various definitions of marriage in the above, it can be concluded that marriage is an inner and outer bond between man and woman as husband and wife having the force of law and socially recognized with the purpose of forming a family as a unity promising cultural preservation and fulfillment of the needs of international personal.


Objectives and Expectations of Marriage

Marriage is an innate need of every human being who gives a lot of important results, including the establishment of a family in which someone else can find peace of mind. People who are not married is like a bird without a nest. Marriage is a protection for someone who feels as if lost in the wilderness of life, people can find pairs of life who will share the pleasure and pain.

Marriage is the activity of a pair of men and women related to a common goal to be achieved. In Article 1 of Law 1974 marriage mentioned above clearly stated that the purpose of marriage form a family (household) are happy and everlasting based on God. According Walgito (2000), the issue of marriage is not an easy thing, because happiness is reltif and subjective nature. Subjective because happiness for someone is not necessarily applicable to others, relative because of something that at one time can lead to happiness and not necessarily the time when that also can lead to happiness.

Masdar Helmy (in Bachtiar, 2004) suggests that the purpose of marriage apart ends meet physical and spiritual human being, also form a family and maintain and continue the descent in the world, preventing adultery, in order to create the serenity and tranquility of the soul for the concerned, the tranquility of the family and society.

According Soemijati (in bachtiar, 2004) the purpose of marriage is to meet the demands of hunger nature of humanity, relating between men and women in order to create a happy family based on love and compassion, to obtain offspring valid by following the provisions that have been set by law.

According to Bachtiar (2004), divided the five most basic purpose of marriage is:
Getting a legitimate descendants in society, by establishing household peaceful and orderly
Adjusting the potential sex
Keeping away from forbidden acts perbuan religion
Creates a feeling of love between husband and wife
Cleaning offspring that can only be obtained by way of marriage.

While the Encyclopedia of Muslim Women (in bacthtiar, 2004), the purpose of marriage is:
The continuity of the human species in the presence of offspring
Maintenance of honor
Reassuring and soul hanger
Getting a legitimate offspring
Shoulder to shoulder between husband and wife
Develop ties and expand family

Suardiman (the empress, 2002) showed some objectives are achieved in marriage
Obeying the desire marriage
Lowering descent to preserve gender
Expanding family relationships
Derive pleasure in life
Obtaining comrades lively semati
Educating and guiding children

Marriage is an innate need of every human being who gives a lot of important results, among which are: (http://Indonesian.Irib.ir)
The establishment of a family in which one can find peace of mind. People who are not married is like a bird without a nest. Marriage is a protection for someone who feels as if lost in the wilderness of life; people can find a life partner who will share the pleasure and pain.
Sexual arousal is a strong desire and are also important. Everyone should have a pair separately satisfy their sexual needs in a safe and quiet. People should enjoy sexual satisfaction in a way that is true and fair. People who do not want to marry disorder often suffer both physically and psychologically. Such irregularity and also certain problems are a direct result of the refusal of young people about marriage.
Reproduction or as a container to hold offspring. Through marriage, human reproduction will continue. Children are the result of the marriage and are important factors in establishing the foundation kelaurga and also a source of true happiness for their parents.


Hope that is often put forward for a married couple is:
Doing everything together
Fulfillment of personal needs depth
Have the same opinions and feelings about various things
The desire to always pay attention and be considered by couples
Frequently romance and making out with a partner
Loss of bad habits couples because of the influence of a sense of love after marriage
Can adapt to problems that occur in the life of a marriage
Marriage to be undertaken will differ from marriages that are less exciting as ever seen and encountered before.

According Yuwana and Maramis (2003), hope the wife is a wife wants support and affirmation, because by nature women do not seek to stand alone. They want to remain dependent and for the sake of security, they need support and confirmation of the husband. They want support in all aspects of life, and of the support is from their husbands. While the husband is the hope of the first things to be expected for a husband against his wife the love and devotion.

Based on the description above, it can be concluded that the objectives and expectations of marriage is to form a happy family with a sense of love, get descent, meet physical and spiritual needs, and to avoid fornication so as to create the serenity and tranquility of the soul.

Definition of Marriage


Reasons To Marriage

Opinion Bornstein & Bornstein (in Septriasih, 2004), the reasons underlying the individual performing a marriage is love, friendship and hope the fulfillment of the needs of self-development.

According to Duvall, (1996), there are several reasons why individuals involved in marriage, namely:
For just married, because many colleagues who have to mate.
To escape from the burdens of life
To cure a broken heart
Pressure from family
Sex appeal
Just enjoy the fun.

In addition to the above opinion, Duvall adds another reason more objective and more acceptable, which is the reason that each individual needs a mate who can provide love and desire to have children.


Marriage Problems

According to Bachtiar (2004), problems often arise in a marriage affects happiness in marriage. In a potential source of problems or conflicts are on several factors:


a. Communication

One of the things that until now believed to be the main cause of conflict or problem is poor communication. This could be a verbalization that are not clear, painful way of talking, using words that are less good, fun facial expressions, tone of voice that is demeaning or harassing others, and so forth.

b. The division of roles
The division of roles in domestic life is important. If the division is not balanced, it is certain that the conflict will arise.

From the beginning of marriage, each couple perform a role in completing the tasks in her marriage. The division of roles can be explained by gender or based on the capabilities and skills of each.

c. Differences inidvidual
Potential sources of the biggest problems in marriage are individual differences husband and wife, especially those rooted in the system of values and personality traits of each husband and wife. The values differ very easy to cause problems, especially when making decisions.


Marital Adjustment


There are some experts Sinha and Mukerjee defines marriage as the adjustment of a part where there is a happy feeling between husband and wife, satisfaction in marriage, granting mutual concern, mutual care, mutual understanding and mutual acceptance couples as well as others that exist around.
Scheimers (in bachtiar, 2004) states that the concept of adjustment of marriage is primarily a session to live effectively and useful in dealing with the daily demands, changes, responsibilities, relationships and expectations by using sobriety and everything is part of a marriage. And from the response to the adjustment, whether it is considered good or bad, can be considered as an attempt of the individual to reduce or escape from the pressure in an effort to improve the condition of equilibrium.